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Video clip synopsis – A broadcast studio at Radio Redfern in the late 80s. Christina Spurgeon talks about the importance of providing media services to remote Indigenous communities to the culture, identity and language of Aboriginal Australians.
Year of production - 2005
Duration - 2min 29sec
Tags - broadcasting, communities, culture, diversity, identity, Indigenous Australia, media industry, media ownership, power, self-determination, stereotypes, technology and society, see all tags


CAAMA & Indigenous Broadcasting

How to Download the Video Clip

To download a free copy of this Video Clip choose from the options below. These require the free Quicktime Player.

download clip icon Premium MP4 caama_pr.mp4 (18.3MB).

ipod icon Broadband MP4 caama_bb.mp4 (8.6MB), suitable for iPods and computer downloads.

Additional help.

About the Video Clip


Radio Redfern is an excerpt from the film 88.9 Radio Redfern produced in 1988 by the Film Australia National Interest Program. 88.9 Radio Redfern is a portrait of Sydney’s Aboriginal radio station. This video clip is on the From Wireless to Web website, produced in 2005.

The interview with Christina Spurgeon was recorded for the website.

Christina Spurgeon is a lecturer in Media & Communication in the Creative Industries faculty of the Queensland Universtiy of Technology. You can view her full biography at From Wireless to Web

The website is a selective history of broadcast media in Australia. Decade by decade, from radio and newsreels to TV and the internet, this history shows how the Australian broadcast media developed and shaped the way Australians see themselves.

From Wireless to Web is a Film Australia production in association with Roar Film.

Curriculum Focus


Students will:

  • discuss and reflect upon the importance of indigenous Australian broadcasting
  • research, write and format a magazine article for a specific audience
  • work in pairs to present a talk to the class
  • write an imaginative short story.

Curriculum links
National: The Statements of Learning for English- Year 9

Reading, viewing and interpreting information and argument texts

  • Students read and view texts that entertain, move, parody, investigate, analyse, argue and persuade. These texts explore personal, social, cultural and political issues of significance to the students’ own lives.
  • Students understand that readers and viewers may need to develop knowledge about particular events, issues and contexts to interpret texts.


  • When students write information or argument texts, they make appropriate selections of information from a few sources and attempt to synthesise and organise these in a logical way.
  • Students write imaginative texts in print and electronic mediums that contain personal, social and cultural ideas and issues related to their own lives and communities and their views of their expanding world.

This resource is also relevant to Media Studies: Audiences, Representation, Media organisations, Indigenous media and Codes and Conventions of radio.

These are extracts only. Teachers and students should consult their state’s curriculum and learning programs.
Go to The National Curriculum Statements for English

Background Information


In 1972 the first Indigenous-produced community radio program went to air on 5UV in Adelaide. Two years later ABC Radio started broadcasting in several Indigenous languages to Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islanders in Far North Queensland.

At the same time in Alice Springs, two Aboriginal people and their non-Aboriginal associate – John Macumba, Freda Glynn and Phillip Batty- helped to establish the Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association (CAAMA). Their goal was that Aboriginal voices be heard throughout the world and for Aboriginal people to take ownership and control of their own future through a strong, vibrant media centre. That goal became a reality in 1980 when the Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association (CAAMA) was established.

The CAAMA website states:
'The Aboriginal people of Central Australia own CAAMA, and its objectives focus on the social, cultural and economic advancement of Aboriginal peoples. It has a clear mandate to promote Aboriginal culture, language, dance and music while generating economic benefits in the form of training, employment and income generation. CAAMA produces media products that engender pride in Aboriginal culture, and informs and educates the wider community about the richness and diversity of the Aboriginal peoples of Australia.’

Today CAAMA’s radio network broadcasts on 8KIN FM.

Classroom Activities

  1. Getting started
    As a class, view the interview with Christina Spurgeon and the archival video clip about Radio Redfern, then discuss and write notes on the following:
    1. Describe the role and the importance of BRACS (Broadcasting in Remote Aboriginal Communities Scheme). (Spurgeon interview)
    2. From the Radio Redfern archival clip, comment on the ways in which community radio helps Aboriginal people, and explain whether the spoken commentary presented in the clip would be likely to be broadcast on ABC and commercial network mainstream radio stations.
    3. Comment on whether Aboriginals as a community are given a ‘voice’, and how you believe they are presented in the mainstream Australian media (radio, TV, newspapers).
  2. Drafting, editing and formatting a magazine article
    Research then prepare, draft, edit and proofread an illustrated, informative two-page article for a magazine aimed at teenagers, about the history, growth, activities and importance of CAAMA. Format the article using word-processing or desktop publishing software.
  3. Speaking to the class
    In pairs, research, prepare and deliver a short talk (approx. 5–7 minutes) to the class about one past or current BRACS or RIBS (Remote Indigenous Broadcasting Services) media broadcasting project involving an Aboriginal community. Your talk should include a brief assessment of the aims and importance of the project, the work required to carry it out, and if possible the financial costing and the outcome. (As there have been many of these community projects, you should attempt to avoid repeating another pair’s discussion on the same project.)
  4. Writing a short story
    Write an imaginative short fiction story in which either Radio Redfern or CAAMA plays an important role in the plot, setting and the lives of the characters.

Further Resources


Go to From Wireless to Web for more about the history of broadcast media in Australia.

Australian Government, Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts, Indigenous Broadcasting

Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association

Imparja Television

Top End Aboriginal Bush Broadcasting Association

Community Broadcasting Foundation

Koori Mail