Free for educational use
Year of production - 1949
Duration - 2min 46sec
Tags - economic development, environment, habitats, occuptional health and safety, sustainability, war, see all tags
How to Download the Video Clip
About the Video Cliptop
Axemen Fell Giant Trees is an excerpt from the film The Timber Getters (11 mins), produced in 1949.
The Timber Getters: In post-war Australia, the milling of our nation’s prized hardwood timbers was a rapidly growing industry. Mechanisation introduced economies in the handling, but the skill and stamina of the axe-men were still indispensable in timber getting. This short film looks at the work of the men living in bush sawmill camps.
The Timber Getters is a National Film Board Production. Produced by the Department of the Interior.
Historical knowledge and understanding
At Level 6, students analyse events which have contributed to Australia’s social, political and cultural development. These could include WW 2.
This video clip is also relevant for Geography (Level 5)
Geographical knowledge and understanding
At level 5, students explain, using examples, how the interaction of physical processes and human activities create variations within the regions.
During the late 1940s, Australia was at the start of an economic boom, a large part of which included a demand for new houses for the soldier generation who had delayed family life for the six years of war from 1939 to 1945. Timber was a key material needed for housing construction.
The video clip also shows an industry on the cusp of great technological change. The centuries old manual methods used to fell trees were about to be replaced by increased mechanisation — for example, the crosscut saw was about to be replaced by power saws. We see a hint of this in the use of the small tractor to drag away the fallen log. One of the great implications of this change in technology would be the vastly decreased time, effort and manpower needed to fell trees, and a consequent increase in clearance rates and extent. An industrial revolution was about to occur in the industry.
At the same time modern concepts of 'environment’ had not developed. The attitude of most people was that forests were a natural resource for human use, not a source of habitat for ecological sustainability.
- The video clip:
- What is this video clip about?
- What is it saying?
- What is the context of the video clip?
- When answering the following questions, consider the language that is used to describe the activities and the men themselves:
- Where would the video clip have been shown? To whom?
- Why would this video clip have been made? Who might make a similar video today? Why? Who might make a different type of video about the same subject? Why?
- What does this video clip suggest therefore about the kind of impact that World War 2 had on soldiers’ lives?
- The message received by a person watching this video clip in the 1940s would probably be different to one received today. Suggest why two different communities, separated by time, could look at the same set of images yet react differently to them.
- What is the image of the bush that is presented in the video clip? Consider what images are used, and how they are organised. What does the video clip suggest the bush exists for, what is its purpose—as a human resource or a natural habitat? Is this still our image of the bush today?
What is the image of the timber getters—consider how they are shown, the society that is presented, the qualities that are stressed and emphasised.
What impact or consequences of the activity are shown? Does this seem to be a sustainable industry? Do we consider it to be a sustainable industry today?
Draw a flow chart of the process of creating timber and timber products, from logging to end use. Research further to test the accuracy of your flow chart.
The video clip does not tell or show us what happens to the felled logs. Work in small groups to prepare a talk, the purpose of which is to draw on the video clip to persuade a modern audience to support their point of view about logging. Some groups prepare a talk to be given by a timber representative to a timber community; other groups prepare a talk to be given to a Greenpeace anti-logging rally. Both talks include comments on the video clip which is to be shown during their talk.