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Australian Biography - Sir Marcus Oliphant
Video clip synopsis – The first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. Sir Mark Oliphant helped to create the bomb, but even though it ended the war he can never reconcile himself to the loss of civilian life.
Year of production - 1991
Duration - 1min 35sec
Tags - World War 2, nuclear weapons, science, war, see all tags
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About the Video Cliptop
Sir Marcus Oliphant is an excerpt from the program Sir Marcus Oliphant (26 mins), an episode of Australian Biography Series 1 (7 × 26 mins), produced in 1991.
The Australian Biography series profiles some of the most extraordinary Australians of our time. Many have had a major impact on the nation’s cultural, political and social life. All are remarkable and inspiring people who have reached a stage in their lives where they can look back and reflect. Through revealing in-depth interviews, they share their stories – of beginnings and challenges, landmarks and turning points. In so doing, they provide us with an invaluable archival record and a unique perspective on the roads we, as a country, have travelled.
Australian Biography Series 1 is a Film Australia National Interest Program.
Historical Knowledge and understanding
At Level 6, students analyse events which contributed to Australia’s social, political and cultural development. These events could include: World War II. Students analyse the impact of some key wars in the twentieth century. They explain their influence on people’s lives, national events and international relations. They analyse changes in technology, medicine and communication.
Historical reasoning and interpretation
At Level 6 students locate relevant resources, including online resources. They identify, comprehend and evaluate a range of primary and secondary sources. They critically evaluate sources of evidence for context, information, reliability, completeness, objectivity and bias.
After the war he returned to Australia, where he publicly opposed the development of atomic weapons as a misuse of atomic power.
'I suddenly realised that anybody who has a nuclear reactor can extract the plutonium from the reactor and make nuclear weapons, so that a country which has a nuclear reactor can, at any moment that it wants to, become a nuclear weapons power. And I, right from the beginning, have been terribly worried by the existence of nuclear weapons and very much against their use’.
On his return to Australia Oliphant became the first Director of the Australian National University’s Research School of Physical Sciences. After retiring from the ANU in 1967, Oliphant became the State Governor of South Australia in 1971.
Sir Marcus Oliphant retired to Canberra in 1976 and died in 2000.
- The video clip:
- What does the video clip show?
- Sir Marcus Oliphant is associated with possibly the most significant event of the 20th century. What is his attitude to it? What is the issue that he cannot reconcile?
- What are your impressions of this scientist?
- In 2006 the Australian Government began to investigate the possibilities of establishing nuclear power plants in Australia.
- What are the arguments for and against the use ofthis type of power?
- Imagine that a nuclear power plant was planned to built in your local community. Write a letter to the local newspaper explaining your point of view on this proposiiton.
- Research the issue of whether the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 was necessary to stop the war, or were done for some other reason.
- Many people believe Hiroshima Day ought to be commemorated in Australia as a significant national day. Prepare a case for or against such a commemoration.
- Do you think Australians should bear responsibility for what happened in Hiroshima and Nagasaki? Explain your response.
Go to Australian Biography and select Sir Marcus Oliphant