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Batavia Shipwreck Ruins
Year of production - 2009
Duration - 5min 6sec
Tags - Australia's Heritage, colonialism, discovery, empire, heroes and villains, imperialism, Indonesia, museums, shipwrecks, see all tags
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Batavia Shipwreck Ruins is an episode from the series Australia’s Heritage – National Treasures with Chris Taylor, produced in 2009.
Take a voyage of discovery with Chris Taylor as he reveals the secrets behind a fascinating mix of treasures from Australia’s National Heritage List.
Australia’s Heritage – National Treasures with Chris Taylor is a Screen Australia National Documentary Program produced in association with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and made with the assistance of the Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts.
Teachers and students should consult their state or territory’s curriculum and learning programs.
For information on state and territory curricula
Go to: State and territory curriculum – Curriculum Corporation
The Batavia was a flagship of the Dutch East India Company — Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC). This was a private company of merchants — one of the first in European history. The key business of the VOC was the spice trade centred on the fertile tropical islands comprising what is today Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Malaysia. The VOC was centred on the Dutch depot-city of Batavia (now modern day Jakarta), on the key Indonesian island of Java. In the first half of the 17th Century, the VOC was the wealthiest and most powerful merchant company on earth and the most important organisation and largest employer in the prosperous and powerful United Provinces of the Netherlands.
Encouraged by the successful return of General Carpentier earlier in 1628 with five richly laden vessels, the Directors of the VOC had ordered that eleven vessels be equipped for further voyages that year.
The Batavia sailed from Amsterdam for the East Indies on her maiden voyage on 27 October 1628. The President of the fleet and senior VOC commander was Francisco Pelsaert, who travelled on the Batavia. Pelsaert was accompanied on the vessel by the skipper Ariaen Jacobsz and the officer in charge of the cargo, Jeronimus Cornelisz. The vessel had 322 people on board as well as a large quantity of trade goods. To facilitate the purchase of goods in the Indies, it also carried 12 chests of silver coin, jewels and other treasures.
During the voyage, Cornelisz conspired with Jacobsz, the pilot, and other officers to mutiny and seize the ship and its riches. Before the mutiny took place, however, the ship ran aground on Morning Reef in the Wallabi Group of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands during the night of 4 June 1629, leading to the violent and gruesome events that soon transpired.
- After viewing the program on Batavia Shipwreck Ruins, discuss in class then write responses to the following:
- What is the location of the oldest known structure built by Europeans on Australian territory? Describe the structure, and explain why it was built.
- When was the Batavia wreck discovered, and where are sections of it currently on public display?
- Explain Australia’s Underwater Heritage Legislation, and the initial reason for its introduction.
- Carry out research then draw a map of the world showing the maritime sailing routes of the 17th century Dutch East India Company. Ensure you identify and label locations and geographical and national regions on the map, including the location of where the Batavia was shipwrecked.
- Discuss in class then write your own commentary about whether Chris Taylor’s on and off-camera narration and style detracts from or enhances your understanding and appreciation of the historical relevance and importance of the subject matter in the program. For example, in terms of historical accuracy, is it valid to criticise his use of the word ‘tourists’ when describing the survivors of the Batavia shipwreck? (You may wish to draw comparisons to contemporary ‘boat people’ refugees found in Australian waters.)
Mike Dash, Batavia’s Graveyard: The True Story of the Mad Heretic Who Led History’s Bloodiest Mutiny, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 2002
Hugh Edwards, Islands of Angry Ghosts: Murder, Mayhem and Mutiny : The Story of the Batavia, HarperCollins, Pymble, NSW, 2000
Nathan Richards, Ships’ Graveyards: Abandoned Watercraft and the Archaeological Site Formation Process, University Press of Florida, Gainsville, 2008
Go to: National Heritage: Batavia shipwreck
Go to: Wiebbe Hayes – Wikipedia
Note that if you click on the link to “Main article: Batavia (ship)” in the above Wiki site, you will find extended information about the Batavia shipwreck.